Congratulations! You have an official Groennfell Meadery Craft Mead Equipment Kit! You're well on your way to making your first batch of craft mead.
Whether you're using one of our ingredient kits or you're sourcing your own materials, you have all the equipment you need to brew a fine batch of mead.
Before you can get started, though, we'd better go over what's in the box.
Let's start with the big, honkin' bucket. This is a specially made fermentation bucket. There are three things that make it special. First, it has a spigot for transferring and/or bottling (more on that below). Second, it's made of a food-grade polymer rated for contact with alcohol. Third, it has molded handles so that you can safely move your fermenting beverage around without risk of popping off the lid.
It's 7.8 gallons, but it's intended for 5 gallon batches. Why the extra space? Because when beverages ferment they foam up, and you don't want to blow the lid off.
The special polymer mentioned above also means that you can easily clean and sanitize your bucket, which is extremely important for making all fermented beverages, whether it's craft mead, wine, beer, or anything else.
The lid is made of the same material as the bucket which not only means that it can also be cleaned and sanitized easily, but it also means that the microscopic expansion and contraction with temperature changes will affect them equally, so you'll maintain a nice, air-tight seal.
Getting plenty of oxygen in your batch on the first day is very important, but you want to limit air exposure for the rest of the fermentation. That's why this lid has such a tight seal, and a grommeted hole at the top for inserting your air-lock.
Before you can brew your first batch, you'll need to install the spigot in the threading at the bottom of the bucket. This spigot will allow you to easily transfer your mead or to use the bucket on bottling day.
To install the spigot, remove the nut on the back, then reverse the gasket so that the flat side is facing the spigot, and the slightly rounded side is facing the bucket. Gently align the threading and tighten until it's hand tight and pointing down.
Fill the bucket with about two gallons of water and leave it for an hour to confirm that you've made a tight seal that won't leak.
The nut is still included for an older style of fermentation bucket, so you can just toss it in your drawer of random parts and forget why you have it.
Air Lock (aka Bubble Lock)
This sciencey-looking, s-shaped contraption is your air lock. As mentioned above, excluding oxygen for the majority of the fermentation is extremely important. (No need to get into exactly why at this point, just trust us.)
This allows the CO2 from fermentation to escape without letting air back in.
To use it, simply sanitize with the rest of your equipment, then either leave sanitizer in there at the line marked on the air lock, or fill it up with water to the same level. Opinions differ on whether water or sani is better. We're not going to get into that debate here.
This is the last piece of the equipment that's essential for making your first batch of mead. Now we get into the useful equipment.
No homebrew kit of any sort would be complete without a hydrometer. While not an essential tool, it's very useful for two things. First, calculating the alcohol content of your mead. Second, and more importantly, checking up on your fermentation.
Craft mead usually has an alcohol content around 6%, but what you really care about is knowing that the fermentation has completed. If it's still actively fermenting when you bottle it, you risk creating bottle bombs where the pressure from the CO2 blows apart the bottle. Not fun.
By using your hydrometer, you can confirm that you've gotten to the final gravity indicated in the recipe.
This tubing is cut to a four foot length because that's the length Ricky likes. It's used for connecting your spigot to a bottling wand or to transfer from the spigot to another vessel without splashing. If you find it's inconveniently long for you, go ahead and cut it to a more convenient length.
It's also the correct diameter for the racking canes that we carry, in case you want to invest in one of those.
You guessed it! This is for bottling your craft mead! (Obviously, it also works for other beverages, but that's not why you're here.)
It starts automatically when you press the wand to the bottom of the bottle thanks to the nifty little button down there, then stops as soon as you lift it. The diameter of the wand is meant to equal precisely the amount of head space you need in a beer bottle when you remove it from the bottle. Pretty cool, right?
While having your craft mead on draft is a great goal, sometimes bottles are the way to go, and they're certainly cheaper to get started.
We have one of these cappers which we got back in 2011 and it's still going strong after thousands of bottles. Make sure to give it a rinse when you're done, then allow it to air dry, and it should last decades.
It has a little magnet in it to hold the cap in place, which is a great feature.
What does PBW stand for? If you ask our brewer Jake, he would tell you, "Duh, Peanut Butter Walrus." He's wrong. Originally, PBW stood for "Powdered Brewery Wash," but like KFC, eventually the name officially became "PBW" which is good since it's now available in a liquid form, for some reason.
This is your cleanser which is specially formulated to leave no residue when you rinse it. There are a number of reasons you don't want to clean your brewing equipment with dish soap which we won't get into right now. Just know that the vast, vast majority of fermentation professionals use PBW for all of their equipment.
There are many sanitizers on the market. At Groennfell Meadery, we use SaniClean, StarSan, and Iodophor. We selected Iodophor for this kit for two very good reasons: It's the most cost-effective sanitizer on the market, and it's very good at what it does.
Remember, you can't sanitize dirt, so make sure your equipment is clean before you sanitize it. Also, never rinse off your sanitizer - that undoes the sanitizing! For more on how to clean and sanitize your equipment, check out our article on the subject.
And that's it! Now you're ready to start brewing!